Notice (8): Undefined index: HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE [APP/Config/bootstrap.php, line 173]
Our Planet Reviewed - Expedition Papua New-guinea :: Rubriques

Our Planet Reviewed - Expedition Papua New-guinea

The_hotspot

Mozambique

Notice (8): getimagesize() [function.getimagesize]: Read error! [APP/View/Elements/article/article_vignettesdroites.ctp, line 37]
Deforestation around Palma region, Cabo Delgado Province, North of Mozambique

Deforestation around Palma region, Cabo Delgado Province, North of Mozambique

[© MNHN]

Notice (8): getimagesize() [function.getimagesize]: Read error! [APP/View/Elements/article/article_vignettesdroites.ctp, line 37]
Dry forest of the North of Mozambique, Cabo Delgado Province

Dry forest of the North of Mozambique, Cabo Delgado Province

Repérages aériens 2008 [© Olivier Pascal]

The importance of inventories of biodiversity: the forests on the coast of East Africa

 

The forests on the coast of North Mozambique in which the expedition between 1st November and 15th December 2009 will take place are part of the ten most important forest ecosystems on the African continent which are known under the name Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. These cover the territories of several countries (Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique) and are one of the 34 hotspots of biodiversity defined by the NGO Conservation International. However, although they belong to the same hotspot, the forests of Mozambique, Tanzania and Kenya are not similar. In Tanzania, the coastal forests which have been reduced to the state of post climax forests still benefit from a long-standing statute of conservation and are thus protected. On the other side of the border, in turn, the forests of Mozambique cover a surface which is much more important but these are currently not the object of a major conservation project and are thus particularly threatened. These differences are mainly due to the history of the two countries.

Map of the humid and dry forest in the world

Map of the humid and dry forest in the world

 

The forest reserves of Tanzania were established during the period of the German colonisation, i.e. about one hundred years ago. Since then, they have been relatively well preserved although the surrounding territories have been almost completely exploited by the population. Although the forests of Mozambique suffered from considerable deforestation in the course of the last 20 to 50 years, they could – as an irony of history – partially regenerate themselves due to the civil war which devastated the country between 1975 and 1992 causing millions of deaths. However, the lack of data relating to these forests is still a disadvantage for Mozambique: it deprives the country of foreign financial aid for the conservation. In the course of the last years, a bonanza of millions of dollars of international aid has thus been granted to Kenya and Tanzania for the protection of their forest ecosystems which are well documented while Mozambique almost did not receive any aid due to the lack of sufficient knowledge of its biodiversity – an emblematic case of the purpose of inventories...

Hospot "Coastal forests of west Africa"

Hospot "Coastal forests of west Africa"

[© Sur Le Toit | MNHN]

 
Notice (8): getimagesize() [function.getimagesize]: Read error! [APP/View/Elements/article/article_vignettesdroites.ctp, line 37]
Flower from a tree of Eurythrina gender

Flower from a tree of Eurythrina gender

[O. Dubuquoy|©MNHN]

Notice (8): getimagesize() [function.getimagesize]: Read error! [APP/View/Elements/article/article_vignettesdroites.ctp, line 37]
Berlinia

Berlinia

Around Plama area, Cabo Delgado Province, North of Mozambique.

[© MNHN]

Cricket, Cabo Delgado area

Cricket, Cabo Delgado area

[© J.Y. Rasplus]